District of Anyksciai has specific natural resources for the development of agricultural production. District of Anyksciai is the only district among the other districts that belong to Utena county with natural features transitional between Lithuanian Middle Zone and East Lithuanian hilly Zone. Flat landscape and heavier turf, mixed forest zone soil, mostly loamy, is prevailing in the western side of the district, meanwhile, the landscape in the eastern and south eastern part of the district is characterized by hillier, lighter, more eroded and, of course, less fertile soil. There are 10188 hectares threatened by erosion which constitute six percent of the territory. Very important indicator of the natural factors is a part of non-fertile or little fertile land (measured by 32 points or less on a soil fertility scale) occupies within the total land used for agriculture. According to 1999 State Land Survey Institute sampling data non-fertile or little fertile land in Anyksciai district constitutes about 28.6% of all land used for agriculture, while average in Utena county is as much as 43.4%, and average in the country is 19.4%. Quality of arable land differs slightly among certain municipalities. According to these criteria district of Anyksciai is attributed to the group of districts with higher concentration of non-fertile or little fertile land. This determines that those locations which have prevailing non-fertile or little fertile land require greater resources for restructuring of agriculture and its adjustment to local conditions.
In the district of Anyksciai total land used for agriculture occupies 99.19 hectares, which is 56.2% of all district’s land. Land not used for agriculture occupies 43.7% of total district’s land.
The characteristic feature of the district of Anyksciai is the high usage of the territory for the purpose of agriculture. On average 47.2% of land in the county of Utena is used for agriculture, 53.6% of all territory in Lithuania, while as much as 56.8% in the district of Anyksciai. According to this criterion the district of Anyksciai resembles intense agriculture districts of the middle of Lithuania. Small population density and high utilization of the district’s territory for the purpose of agriculture determines that there are 4.37 hectares of the land used for agriculture per village resident, i.e. 16% more than country’s average.
According to 2008 statistical data the population of the district of Anyksciai was 32137, among which 19112 or 61% were village residents.
2430 farmers who owned 37605 hectares of the land were registered in the district, in 2008. The average registered farmland size was 16 hectares. Those involved in agriculture production are: five agriculture companies, called bendroves, such as: Anyksciai Fruit Trees (lt.Anykščių vaismedžiai), Naujonys, Sodzius, Nausode, Elma, two agro service companies, called kooperatyvai: Burbiskis and Skiemonys, closed joint stock company Jara agro complex, joint stock company Azuozeriai Orchids, Elmininkai testing station (lt.Elmininkų bandymų stotis), Anyksciai School of Technology which own 4934.31 hectares. There were 8500 properties, 80 crop harvesters, 117 excavators, 42 loaders, 97 bulldozers, 2668 tractors, and 930 trailers registered in agriculture registry.
4753 entities declared the land used for agriculture and crop, total of 67242 hectares, in 2008.